教育社会学研究
Online ISSN : 2185-0186
Print ISSN : 0387-3145
ISSN-L : 0387-3145
多文化教育の社会統合機能に関する実証的研究
中国における二言語教育を通して
張 瓊華
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ジャーナル フリー

1998 年 63 巻 p. 157-176

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Is it possible to realize multiculturalism, especially corporate pluralism? Is it possible to achieve social integration through multicultural education?
First this study tries to show that China's multiculturalism is located in corporate pluralism through a macro-level case study. Then, on the micro-level, using survey data from the questionnaires given to Tibetan junior high school students, this study analyzes the influence of bilingual education on the social identities of students. In this case, bilingual education is viewed as the key factor of multicultural education based in corporate pluralism.
Conclusions derived from this study are summarized as follows:
a) For those who have been taught in the Chinese language from elementary school through junior high school, a tendency of assimilation has been observed. They seem to have little awareness of their ethnic heritage, and have more contact with others outside their ethnic group;
b) Those who have been taught in both their ethnic language and the Chinese language displayed consciousness of their ethnic identity as well as positive attitudes toward others outside their ethnic group. I identify these students as integrative types;
c) The students who have received education only in their ethnic language demonstrate strong ethnic identities and reject interaction with students outside their ethnic group.
This paper reveals that multiculturalism has different some influences on increasing assimilation, leading-to isolation and achieving integration along with different bilingual educational styles. Accordingly, the success or failure of multiculturalism depends on the different bilingual educational styles. From the findings, it is helpful in seeking for the coexistence of national cultures as well as in improving the social integration if the languages used in schools are adjusted according to different school-levels. Namely, in doing so, it will be possible to realize corporate pluralism which has been regarded as impossible up to now.

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© 日本教育社会学会
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