教育社会学研究
Online ISSN : 2185-0186
Print ISSN : 0387-3145
ISSN-L : 0387-3145
養護施設における子どものスティグマに関する研究
田中 理絵
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ジャーナル フリー

1998 年 63 巻 p. 199-217

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This paper attempts to analyze and explain the stigmatization of children that in a children's home. In particular, I focus on the feelings that stigmatized children have about themselves and about their relationships with children who do not live in the institution. To understand these feelings, I examined children's discussions of their lives, and in particular, the use and significance of certain vocabulary they used to describe their lives.
The following are results of my research.
(1) Stigmatized children view their stigma as retribution from their parent (s).
(2) In society, people are categorized, and the members of each category consider their own attributes as ordinary and normal.
(3) Stress management and information management are important in helping stigmatized children avoid unreasonable treatment.
(4) Stigmatized children think that their perspective is the same as other children and do not differentiate themselves from others. However, they and people around them define them as being different, which causes these children to strive for “normalcy”. Thus, this line of thought produces the irony that the more “normal” they hope to be, the more they stigmatize themselves in their minds.
These children do not identify themselves as living at an orphanage, and instead attempt to manage information about themselves when talking with others. It is most significant that although children view achieving “normalcy” as a kind of panacea for solving their problems, this “normalcy”, in fact, can never serve as the means of solution.

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