栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
栄養素および食品群別摂取量を推定するための食物摂取状況調査票 (簡易調査法) の作成
高橋 啓子
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ジャーナル フリー

2003 年 61 巻 3 号 p. 161-169

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The food frequency questionnaire method is more time-, cost- and labor-effective than the 24-h dietary recall and recording method. Such a food frequency questionnaire based on food groups is more convenient than one using a food list, because there are fewer questions.
We have developed a food frequency questionnaire (FFQg), which is based on 29 food groups and 10 types of cooking, for estimating the energy and nutrient intakes of an individual subject during the past 1-2 months. This questionnaire was evaluated by comparing with weighted dietary records for 7 continuous days (7-d records) for 66 subjects aged 19-60 years.
The correlation coefficients between FFQg and the 7-d records for the energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate and calcium intakes were 0.47, 0.42, 0.39, 0.49 and 0.41, respectively. The intakes of 26 of 31 nutrients were not significantly different by a paired t-test between the two methods (p≥0.05). The ratio of the value obtained by the FFQg method against that by the 7-d record method ranged from 72% (vitamin B12) to 121% (niacin), the average ratio being 104%.
The correlation coefficients for the intakes of rice, bread, meat, fish, milk, dairy products, green-yellow vegetables, other vegetables, and fruits were 0.66, 0.76, 0.27, 0.27, 0.72, 0.58, 0.46, 0.53, and 0.64, respectively, between the FFQg and 7-d record methods, and there was significant correlation between the two methods at the p<0.05 level for 22 of the 29 food groups.
Apart from those food groups for which “less than once a month or never” was selected by 50% respondents or more, 34% of the respondents could estimate a portion size in the FFQg with an error of less than 25%, indicating that this FFQg is a useful instrument for estimating individual energy and nutrient intakes.

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