2001 Volume 69 Issue 12 Pages 921-928
Bioelectronics has been evoluted in development of biodevices through the biointerfacing technology, gene engineering, and cellular engineering. Several protein-based molecular biodevices have been made possible by the biointerfacing technology that enables proteins to electronically communicate with the electronic materials. Gene engineered proteins and cells led to develop innovative biodevices. Further bioelectronic evolution is in the process toward single-molecular biodevices and cellular biodevices.