2016 Volume 84 Issue 4 Pages 234-237
Sodium-ion batteries potentially provide the opportunities to realize the energy storage system beyond the state-of-the-art lithium-ion batteries, though at present their performance is limited partly due to lack of suitable positive electrode materials. NASICON-type Na3V2(PO4)3 is a promising candidate for the positive electrode materials because of its high capacity and high operating potential, however, the electrode reaction of Na1+2xV2(PO4)3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) including a biphasic region is not yet fully understood. Here, in order to clarify the microscopic mechanism of the biphasic reaction, the reaction entropy of the electrochemical cell including the Na1+2xV2(PO4)3 positive electrode was measured using the potentiometric method. The temperature-dependent open-circuit-voltage reveals that the reaction entropy is almost constant for 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.9. The constant reaction entropy of the electrochemical cell suggests that the electrode reaction proceeds through the boundary migration between the Na-rich and -poor phases without substantial change in the configurational entropy.