Electrochemistry
Online ISSN : 2186-2451
Print ISSN : 1344-3542
ISSN-L : 1344-3542
Articles
Electrocatalytic Activity of Heteroatom-Doped Graphene for Oxidation of Hydroquinones
Masanori HARAPrerna JOSHIRajashekar BADAMHsin-Hui HUANGMasamichi YOSHIMURA
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ジャーナル オープンアクセス
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2020 年 88 巻 5 号 p. 407-412

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In the present study, we aim to synthesize heteroatom (nitrogen or boron) doped-reduced graphene oxide (N-rGO or B-rGO) as a catalyst for the electro-oxidation of hydroquinones, used as a candidate of fuel (hydrogen carrier molecule) for direct-type fuel cells (DFCs), and evaluate the doping effect on its catalytic activity. N-rGO and B-rGO were prepared from a mixture of graphene oxide (GO) and urea or boron trioxide by pyrolysis method. We characterized the morphology and crystal structure of the prepared materials by transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction, respectively. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy show the loading amount of the heteroatoms, 10.4 wt% N and 2.9 wt% B, as well as their chemical nature. The electrochemical analysis of the prepared materials by rotating disk electrode system reveals high activity of B-rGO, 15 and 85 mV lower overvoltage compared with rGO at the half-wave potential of diffusion-limited current, for the electro-oxidation of hydroquinone and methyl-hydroquinone, respectively, because of its electron-accepting nature. We demonstrate that thus modified carbons exhibit high activity, B-rGO > N-rGO > rGO, for the oxidation of hydroquinone derivatives as non-metallic anodes of DFCs.

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© The Author(s) 2020. Published by ECSJ.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium provided the original work is properly cited. [DOI: 10.5796/electrochemistry.20-64070].
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