2021 年 89 巻 1 号 p. 67-70
In this report we present a straightforward and efficient electropolishing methodology of pure metallic titanium in two different electrolytic baths; choline chloride-ethanol (ChCl-eth.) and choline chloride-methanol-butanol (ChCl-meth.-but.) in molar ratios of 1 : 4 and 1 : 6 : 2, respectively at 20 °C. The electrolytic baths under study possess relatively low-cost and environmentally benign. In the electropolishing processes, potentiostatic technique was applied. For the surface characterizations both atomic force microscope (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used. The results showed that titanium surface was polished electrochemically at nanoscale and relatively free from defects. The working voltages of 2 and 1.2 V were applied in ChCl-eth. and ChCl-meth.-but., respectively within a time scale of 40 minutes in the present electrolytic baths. The roughness of pure metallic titanium (ca. 120.5 nm) was reduced to 0.10 nm in ChCl-eth. and 0.66 nm in ChCl-meth.-but.