Electrochemistry
Online ISSN : 2186-2451
Print ISSN : 1344-3542
ISSN-L : 1344-3542
CORRECTED PROOF
Rate Performance of LiCoO2 Half-cells Using Highly Concentrated Lithium Bis(fluorosulfonyl)amide Electrolytes and Their Relevance to Transport Properties
Shinji KONDOUKaoru DOKKOMasayoshi WATANABEKazuhide UENO
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication
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Article ID: 21-00052

CORRECTED PROOF: June 04, 2021
UNCORRECTED PROOF: May 25, 2021
ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT: May 12, 2021
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Abstract

For the rapid charge-discharge performance of Li-ion batteries (LIBs), ionic conductivity (σ) and Li ion transference number (t+) are important parameters of electrolytes. Electrolytes with high t+ alleviate the concentration polarization upon fast charge-discharge, and prevent the diffusion-limited mass transfer of Li+ ions. Recent studies have suggested that certain highly concentrated electrolytes exhibit better rate performances than conventional organic electrolytes despite their lower σ. However, the relationship between the transport properties (t+ and σ) of highly concentrated electrolytes and the enhanced rate performance of LIBs is yet to be elucidated. To evaluate the rate performance of LIBs with highly concentrated electrolytes in terms of transport properties, we investigated the discharge rate capability of LiCoO2 (LCO) half-cells using highly concentrated lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)amide (Li[FSA]) electrolyte in γ-butyrolactone (GBL), acetonitrile (AN), dimethyl carbonate (DMC), and 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) solvents. There was a remarkable solvent dependence of t+, and the highest tLi+current of 0.67 was observed for GBL-based electrolyte measured using the very-low-frequency impedance spectroscopy (VLF–IS) method. The LCO half-cell with GBL-based electrolyte delivered higher discharge capacities than the cells with DMC- and DME-based electrolytes at high current densities. The improved rate performance in GBL-based electrolytes was attributable to enhanced Li+ ion mass transfer derived from the high tLi+current. We demonstrated the importance of tLi+current on the rate capability of LCO half-cells with highly concentrated electrolytes for high-rate battery performance.

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© The Author(s) 2021. Published by ECSJ.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium provided the original work is properly cited. [DOI: 10.5796/electrochemistry.21-00052].
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