2011 Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages 96-102
A high-speed capacitance difference-to-sum ratio measurement circuit is presented for differential capacitance transducers. It consists of a switched-capacitor input stage, two sample-and-hold (S/H) circuits followed by voltage-to-current (V/I) converters, and a current-ratio-controlled relaxation oscillator. This circuit offers a square-wave output whose oscillation period is directly proportional to the capacitance difference-to-sum ratio of the transducers. A prototype circuit built using discrete components exhibits conversion sensitivity (period per unit capacitance difference-to-sum ratio) amounting to 400µs and linearity error as low as 0.037%. The maximum conversion time is about 160µs when the capacitance difference-to-sum ratio is 0.4.