2012 Volume 9 Issue 7 Pages 616-621
This paper derives two kinds of Q factor formulas for use in estimating frequency stability of sinusoidal oscillators. To cover various circuit topologies, we consider a general black-box model having DC input and RF output ports. Assuming a small deviation in DC supply voltage or RF load impedance, the frequency shift caused by such deviation is formulated by a perturbation technique. As a versatile criterion to indicate the tolerance of circuit itself, we introduce oscillator Q against each deviation. Since the theory is described in the linear impedance domain, it gives oscillator designers a clear vista on the stability of practical circuits.