We analyzed the utility of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring in minimally invasive surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). The subjects were the 167 consecutive patients with pHPT performed initial operation with or without IOPTH between January 2000 and December 2006. Patients were divided into 2 groups. A group who underwent surgery without IOPTH monitoring (Group 1; n=87), and a group who underwent surgery with IOPTH monitoring (Group 2; n=80), in which IOPTH was measured at 5, 10, 15 minutes after excision of the abnormal parathyroid gland. Criterion for evaluation as a cure was a drop in intact PTH level of 50% or more from the preoperative baseline value. The overall cure rate in Group 1 was 93.1%. An enlarged parathyroid gland that was consistent with the results of a preoperative imaging study was found in 84 patients (96.6%). The overall cure rate in Group 2 was 97.5%. In 7 of the patients, there was no drop of 50% or more at any of the 3 points in time measured. Two of these patients were found to have had double adenomas, one on each side, during the initial surgery. Three others were eucalcemic and had normal intact PTH values after surgery, and the remaining 2 patients had persistent disease. Although preoperative localization studies are accurate and essential, IOPTH monitoring improves the cure rate of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. IOPTH monitoring is a valuable adjunct to achieve adequate intraoperative decision-making, recognizing and resecting additional image-negative hyperfunctioning lesions.
The Japan Endocrine Society