2017 Volume 65 Issue 2 Pages 159-174
This randomized double-blind multicenter trial (NCT01927861) evaluated the growth-promoting effect and safety of Norditropin® (NN220; somatropin) in Japanese children with short stature due to Noonan syndrome. Prepubertal children aged 3–<11 years (boys) or 3–<10 years (girls) with Noonan syndrome were randomized to receive GH 0.033 mg/kg/day (n = 25, mean age 6.57 years, 11 females) or 0.066 mg/kg/day (n = 26, mean age 6.06 years, eight females) for 104 weeks. Change in height standard deviation score (HSDS) from baseline was analyzed based on an ANCOVA model. Baseline HSDS was –3.24. Estimated change in HSDS [95% CI] after 104 weeks’ treatment was 0.84 [0.66, 1.02] and 1.47 [1.29, 1.64] for the lower and higher doses, respectively; estimated mean difference 0.63 [0.38, 0.88], p < 0.0001. Rates and patterns of adverse events (AEs) were similar between groups. Most were mild and reported as unlikely to be related to Norditropin®. There were no withdrawals due to AEs. Insulin-like growth factor-I SDS increased from –1.71 to –0.64 (0.033 mg/kg/day) and to 0.63 (0.066 mg/kg/day). HbA1c increased slightly (0.033 mg/kg/day: +0.14%; 0.066 mg/kg/day: +0.13%); glucose profiles were almost unchanged; insulin profiles increased in both groups in the oral glucose tolerance test. There were no clinically significant abnormal electrocardiogram or echocardiography findings. We conclude that Norditropin® at doses of 0.033 mg/kg/day or 0.066 mg/kg/day for 104 weeks increases height in Japanese children with short stature due to Noonan syndrome, with a favorable safety profile. The effect was greater with 0.066 mg/kg/day compared with 0.033 mg/kg/day.