2020 年 67 巻 9 号 p. 969-980
The target of this study was to explore the role of mitochondria mediated apoptosis and inflammation in cisplatin-induced testicular damage and to evaluate the ameliorative effect of resveratrol. Adult male Wistar rats were randomly allocated to 4 groups. Group I (Control) received normal saline, Group II (Resveratrol) received resveratrol (50 mg/kg/day), Group III (Cisplatin) received cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg/week, i.p.) and Group IV (Resveratrol + Cisplatin) received resveratrol and cisplatin in the same regimen of treatment. Treatment with resveratrol in Groups II and IV started 48h before cisplatin injection and continued for further 4 successive weeks. Cisplatin-treated rats showed reduced body weight, absolute testes weight and sperm count, motility and viability. On the other hand, cisplatin treatment increased the percentage of sperm abnormalities. It also decreased serum testosterone level, mitochondrial membrane potential while, increased cytochrome C liberation from the mitochondria into the cytosol. The activities of caspase-3 & -9 were increased. The level of TNF-α, IL-6 and Bax were increased whereas Bcl-2 was decreased. Oxidative stress markers were found to increase with a concomitant reduction in the antioxidant enzymes and GSH levels. These results were confirmed by immunohistochemical and histopathological analysis. Contrary to all these results, there were improvements in cisplatin induced testicular damage through attenuation of mitochondria mediated apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress owing to resveratrol pretreatment. Thus, resveratrol, as a potential therapeutic agent, may hold promise in preventing mitochondria mediated apoptosis and inflammation in cisplatin-induced testicular damage in rats.