2022 Volume 69 Issue 3 Pages 319-326
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is cluster of metabolic diseases, including abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia, high blood pressure, and dyslipidemia, that directly escalate the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) is a binding protein for thioredoxin, a molecule that is a key inhibitor of cellular oxidation, and thus regulates the cellular redox state. Epigenetic alteration of the TXNIP-encoding locus has been associated with components of MetS. In the present study, we sought to determine whether the level of TXNIP methylation in blood is associated with MetS in the general Japanese population. DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood cells of 37 subjects with and 392 subjects without MetS. The level of TXNIP methylation at cg19693031 was assessed by the bisulfite-pyrosequencing method. We observed that TXNIP methylation levels were lower in MetS subjects (median 74.9%, range 71.7–78.4%) than in non-MetS subjects (median 77.7%, range 74.4–80.5%; p = 0.0024). Calculation of the confounding factor-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for hypomethylation revealed that subjects with MetS exhibited significantly higher ORs for hypomethylation than did those without MetS (OR, 2.92; 95% CI, 1.33–6.62; p = 0.009). Our findings indicated that lower levels of TXNIP methylation are associated with MetS in the general Japanese population. Altered levels of DNA methylation in TXNIP at cg19693031 might play an important role in the pathogenesis of MetS.