2022 年 69 巻 4 号 p. 373-383
The burden of disease of X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) in East Asia is poorly understood. This was a cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and disease complications in Japanese and Korean patients with XLH. Adults with XLH and the caregivers of children <18 years of age with XLH in Japan and Korea were surveyed. Respondents disclosed demographic data, family history, diagnostic history, medical history, surgical history, disease-specific clinical symptoms, treatment, medications, and use of ancillary equipment. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs; the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, the brief pain inventory, and the 36-item short form health survey version 2) were used to assess pain, disability, and HRQOL in adults. Of those surveyed, all 14 children (100%) and 30/32 adults (93.8%) were receiving treatment for XLH. However, despite oral phosphate and active vitamin D use, short stature, gait abnormalities, dental conditions, and decreased physical function were reported. Stapling of the growth plates was reported in 14.3% of children but no adults. Adult patients reported high rates of bone pain (59.4%) and joint pain (65.6%). Caregivers of children with XLH also reported the occurrence of bone pain (35.7%) and joint pain (35.7%). Many adult patients had a history of impaired renal function (9.5%), nephrocalcinosis (15.6%), hyperparathyroidism (15.6%), and parathyroidectomy (6.3%), all of which are associated with conventional XLH treatments. These data show that patients (both pediatric and adult) continue to have symptoms such as pain, disability, and various complications despite receiving conventional therapies.