With a euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp method, whole-body insulin resistance was assessed in 6 cases with acromegaly associated with diabetes mellitus before and after transsphenoidal adenomectomy. The glucose infusion rate (GIR) correlated well with the plasma IGF-I level but poorly with that of GH. Further improvement in insulin sensitivity occurred 3-4 months after operation without substantial changes in plasma levels of both GH and IGF-I or glycemic control. These results indicate that GH excess can induce insulin resistance in association with plasma IGF-1 and also through undefined secondary effect.
The Japan Endocrine Society