2005 Volume 54 Issue 2 Pages 137-141
In most strains of rats, the effects of treatment for the induction of superovulation show major strain differences and are strongly influenced by the stage of the estrous cycle. This study demonstrated, however, that superovulation was easily induced in Wistar strain Brl Han:WIST@Jcl(GALAS) rats by PMSG and hCG administration. To confirm the effects of such treatment, we studied age differences in egg collection efficiency. After superovulation was induced by intraperitoneal administration of 150 IU/kg PMSG and 75 IU/kg hCG given 48 h apart, the mean numbers of oocytes obtained from rats at 4, 8, 12, 20 and 28 weeks of age were 38.9, 33.5, 46.1, 26.9 and 21.3, respectively. No differences caused by the estrous stage at the PMSG administration were observed. In an embryo transfer experiment, fertilized eggs obtained from superovulated rats at each week of age showed equivalent viability until full-term to those from untreated rats. These results suggest that estrous stage-independent superovulation is effective not only in the pre-pubertal stage but also in adult rats.