2019 年 68 巻 3 号 p. 371-380
Ketogenic diet (KD) has been used in epilepsy for decades, but previous studies found it may cause severe bone loss. Every-other-day ketogenic diet (EODKD), the combination of KD with intermittent fasting, showed better potential for seizure control recently, while its effects on bone remain unknown. This study aims to establish different ketogenic rat models and compare the influence of EODKD with KD on bone microstructure and metabolism. Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into Control, KD and EODKD groups, fed with standard diet, continuous and intermittent ketogenic diet respectively. After 12 weeks, bone mineral density (BMD) and body fat percentage were obtained by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Micro-CT and three-point bending test were used to evaluate the bone microstructure and mechanical properties. Activities of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) were measured, together with the osteogenic capabilities of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) tested by ALP activities and alizarin red stain in different osteogenic stage. Both EODKD and KD induced higher ketone and more fat percentage, but led to lower body weight compared with Control group. They both compromised bone mass and mechanical properties. Compared with KD, EODKD demonstrated higher ketone levels, but it also inhibited osteoclastic process as well as early osteogenic differentiation. In general, EODKD accelerated ketosis, but may not deteriorate bone microstructure and strength than KD.