2019 年 57 巻 1 号 p. 86-100
There has been a great deal of esearch on human resource management in business administration in recent years. However, there has been much less research on human resource management in the agricultural sector. Nevertheless, the number of agricultural corporations promoting scale expansion and business diversification has increased, and young employees hired by those corporations are also increasing year by year. The practice of human resource management that improves employment conditions and the work environment so that employers can demonstrate their abilities and increase motivation has become more important.
In this paper, we set up a hypothesis that appropriate human resource management measures will improve employee satisfaction and motivation, and as result, a positive influence on management can be achieved. This study is based on analyzing detailed internal data of a livestock corporation.
A hog raising corporation in western Japan that ships 50,000 pigs annually has expanded its business scale by 20 times over the last four years. We analyzed the data on human resource management and business performance in that firm for more than 10 years. Then we conducted an employee satisfaction survey, and investigated what influence the change and enhancement of human resources management had on the motivation of employees. In addition, we investigated the change in employee turnover rate and swine productiveness and verified whether there is an anaphoric relationship between human resource management and business performance.
As a result of continuous improvement with flexible measures in the employer’s human resource management, employee motivation has clearly improved. We also found that employees with higher satisfaction levels are more long-term work oriented and more inclined to participate in management. As a result of increased satisfaction, we confirmed that the early turnover rate dropped and that the productivity of swine production improved. In this paper, we also clarified that proper human resource management has a positive influence on employee satisfaction and business performance in agriculture.