2019 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages e1-e7
The offshore flow of the Mekong River is strongly governed by the East Asian monsoon (EAM). Monthly-resolved skeletal carbonate Sr/Ca, Ba/Ca and oxygen isotope (δ18Oc) data from 1980 to 2005 of a Porites coral from Con Dao Island, ~90 km from the Mekong River mouth, were analyzed for capturing the past flood events and the signal of East Asian winter monsoon. Ba/Ca time series is characterized with intra-annual double peaks, the first large one in March during the dry season and relative small one in August during the wet season. The low values of seawater δ18O (δ18Osw), deduced from both the Sr/Ca ratio and δ18Oc, in the wet season resulted from precipitation and/or freshwater input from the Mekong River. The difference in the seasonal characteristics of Ba/Ca and δ18Osw between flood and no-flood years could be attributed to the seasonal reversal of the regional ocean current derived from the EAM.