1993 Volume 30 Issue 7 Pages 622-625
Recently, high frequencies of glucose intolerance and insulin resistance have been reported in patients with hypertension. However, both blood pressure and glucose tolerance are influenced by age. To investigate the effect of age on the interaction between blood pressure and glucose tolerance, we analyzed blood pressure and glucose tolerance in otherwise healthy subjects (n=576) who underwent an oral glucose tolerance test and blood pressure measurement as a part of a healthy care program. The prevalence of DM and IGT were significantly higher in the hypertensive group than in the normotensive group. When the subjects were divided into three groups according to their age (less than 50 years old, between 50 and 60 years old and more than 60 years old), the prevalence of glucose intolerance (DM or IGT) was significantly higher in the hypertensive group than in the normotensive group in subjects under 50 years old, but not in subjects between 50 and 60 years old or over 60 years old. In the subjects classified as having normal glucose tolerance, the incremental area of glucose under the curve of 75g-OGTT was significantly higher in the hypertensive group than in the normotensive group. These data suggest that hypertension is associated with glucose intolerance in Japanese population and that age significantly affects this interaction.