1998 Volume 35 Issue 11 Pages 851-857
To evaluate factors that influence of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in elderly people, we measured those levels in 54 men and 148 women (84.4±0.5 years old), and looked for associations of ANP and BNP with clinical factors and echocardiographic variables [left ventricular mass index and atrial to-early peak transmitral velocity ratio (A/E)]. ANP and BNP levels were 1.6 and 6.5 times higher than average. Sex was not a significant factor. We also looked for a link between cardiac rhythms and levels of ANP and BNP. Patients with atrial fibrillation had significantly higher levels of ANP and BNP than did patients with sinus rhythm. ANP and BNP levels were abnormally high in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). We could measured A/E in 161 of 202 subjects; 154 of 157 subjects with normal LV systolic function had A/E>1 which indicates abnormally low in LV diastolic function. Moreover, abnormally high LV diastolic stress might have been present, because 124 of 202 subjects had aortic regurgitation. We divided the patients into two groups; those 65 to 75 years old, and those over 75 years old. The older patients had significantly higher levels of ANP and BNP even without LVH and without a difference in renal function. Furthermore, the older patients had significantly higher levels of BNP even without LVH, with normal renal function, with sinus rhythm, with normal LV systolic function, and in NYHA ClassIorII. These data indicate that ANP and BNP levels in people with senility may be associated with the cardiac rhythm and with abnormally low renal function, myocardial hypertrophy, abnormally high cardiac volume, and abnormally low diastolic function.