Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Print ISSN : 0300-9173
Clinical assessment of microscopic polyangiitis in elderly patients
Akiko AokiYoshiyuki KuroiwaYoshiaki Ishigatsubo
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2003 Volume 40 Issue 2 Pages 142-146

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the influence of the age at disease onset on the clinical symptoms, laboratory findings, treatment, and complications of microscopic polyangiitis (MPA).
Patients: From 1999 to 2001, we encountered 4 MPA patients with disease onset at age 65 or older (average 77.3, all were female: the elderly group). For comparison, 4 MPA patients with disease onset a 64 years or younger (average 44.7, two were male: the non-elderly group) were used.
Results: There was no statistically significant difference in clinical features between the two groups. All patients in the elderly group were referred to our hospital, because of fever of unknown origin or suspicion of connective tissue disease. The elderly group had a longer duration from the first admission to the start of treatment. Renal biopsies were done in all of the non-elderly group and one of the elderly group. The diagnosis of the other 3 patients of the elderly group was based on muscle or nerve biopsy, showing necrotizing vasculitis. At the time of diagnosis, antibodies to myeloperoidase (MPO-ANCA) were positive in 7 of 8 patients (87.5%). 2 patients of the non-elderly group were died of heart failure and hepatic failure by cyclophosphamide (CYC). The other 6 patients achieved substantial improvement.
Conclusions: Muscle or nerve biopsy helped clinical management of elderly patients when renal biopsies could not be done. IVCY was relatively safe and effective treatment for MPA in elderly as well as non-elderly patients.

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