2007 年 82 巻 6 号 p. 447-454
The un-17 mutant was originally isolated as an irreparable temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant in Neurospora crassa. Early experiments showed that cells of this mutant immediately stopped growing and died when the temperature of the culture was shifted from a permissive temperature (25°C) to non-permissive temperature (35°C). This ts phenotype is suppressed by addition of cycloheximide or in some conditions of growth repression. Even at the permissive temperature, it shows a female sterile phenotype and is deficient in production of exocellular superoxide dismutase SOD4 (EC 220.127.116.11). By searching for a DNA fragment that complements the ts phenotype of the un-17 mutant from a N. crassa genome library, we found the un-17 gene. The cloned un-17 gene encodes a homolog of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae poly(A) polymerase (PAP). The un-17 mutant had a one-base substitution mutation in the gene. The cloned un-17 genes from the wild-type strain and the un-17 mutant were introduced into both the un-17 mutant and wild-type strain. The un-17 mutant introduced by un-17 DNA from the wild-type strain showed recovery of both the ts and female sterile phenotypes. Moreover, the purified product derived from the wild-type strain showed PAP activity in vitro. These findings indicate that the un-17 mutant carries a ts mutation in the gene encoding PAP.