2018 Volume 93 Issue 5 Pages 209-220
Stigmatic papillae develop at the apex of the gynoecium and play an important role as a site of pollination. The papillae in Brassicaceae are of the dry and unicellular type, and more than 15,000 genes are expressed in the papillae; however, the molecular and physiological mechanisms of their development remain unknown. We found that the papillae in Arabidopsis thaliana change their length in response to altered ambient humidity: papillae of flowers incubated under high humidity elongated more than those under normal humidity conditions. Genetic analysis and transcriptome data suggest that an abscisic acid-mediated abiotic stress response mechanism regulates papilla length. Our data suggest a flexible regulation of papilla elongation at the post-anthesis stage, in response to abiotic stress, as an adaptation to environmental conditions.