2019 Volume 94 Issue 2 Pages 95-98
We developed microsatellite markers to compare the genetic variation between the putatively cleistogamous Gastrodia takeshimensis (Orchidaceae) and its chasmogamous sister species G. nipponica. We expected low genetic variation in G. takeshimensis in view of its hypothesized cleistogamy. Eighteen primer pairs were developed from a G. takeshimensis genomic DNA library, and their characteristics were tested for G. takeshimensis and G. nipponica. Seven loci were polymorphic in G. nipponica, whereas all loci showed no polymorphism in G. takeshimensis. Genetic diversity was thus not detected in G. takeshimensis, and it seems to have been lost by repeated selfing in the completely closed flower. The 18 markers described here will be useful for investigating the genetic variation between a cleistogamous species and its chasmogamous sister species.