日本幼少児健康教育学会誌
Online ISSN : 2435-2322
Print ISSN : 2189-6356
ISSN-L : 2189-6356
保育所児の家庭での遊びと運動能力の関連性
阪江 豪大和 晴行米野 吉則廣 陽子村上 史子
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ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2020 年 6 巻 1 号 p. 49-59

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To investigate the relationship between home play and motor ability, a questionnaire survey was conducted on the frequency of play at home with children and parents who commute to nursery schools. A factor analysis was conducted to examine the play situations at home, which helped us derive the following eight factors: “nature play,” “production play,” “highly rule-based play,” “expression and pretend play,” “play with parents,” “constructive play,” “ball play,” and “balance play.” No difference was observed in “nature play” and “ball play” based on the age in which the children were enrolled in the time. However, a difference was observed in “production play,” “highly rule-based play,” “expression and pretend play,” “play with parents,” “constructive play,” and “balance play” based on the age in which the children were enrolled children. Plays with gender differences were “nature play”, “production play”, “highly rule-based play”, “expression and pretend play”, “ball play”, and “balance play”. A positive correlation was observed between “nature play” and motor skills at the children age 3. Moreover, a significant positive correlation was validated with motor skills when “nature play,” and many other movement activities were played at a children age 3 . This suggests that the types of play involving dynamic body movement and playing in nature are quite important at a children age 3, and they point toward the possibility of gaining a personal experience that greatly influences motor skills. After the children aged 4 and 5 of the year, “expression and pretend play” and “constructive play” showed a negative correlation between physical strength and motor skills. It can be considered that children with less physical strength and motor skills were involved in play with less activity at home. These facts suggest that it is necessary to guarantee play that moves the body actively from the age of 3 years old, such as nature play at the childcare site, which is not possible at home.

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