日本幼少児健康教育学会誌
Online ISSN : 2435-2322
Print ISSN : 2189-6356
ISSN-L : 2189-6356
フレーベル『人間の教育』に見る 「身体」 と保育内容 「健康」 領域との関連性(第二報)
―「第二篇 幼児期の人間(前編)」を中心として―
馬場 訓子横田 咲樹髙橋 敏之
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ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2020 年 6 巻 1 号 p. 61-70

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This paper was subject to “Chapter 2 Human in Early Childhood (First Part)” of “Human Education” (1826) written by F. Frobel[1782-1852], extracted writing concerning “body”, and considered the modern meaning in relevance with childcare details, “Health” field. The results showed an issue that modern childcare requires reconsideration. Of particular interest in Froebel’s writings is firstly, his emphasis on “facial expressions in childcare and upbringing” and “play with body”, and its relevance to childcare and upbringing in Japan can be indicated. It is suggested that Froebel's “body expression through facial expressions” can be seen in daily childcare at childcare centers of contemporary Japan as well. Secondly, the indications made about “educational passivity” and “nature and necessity of childcare” should be consistent and harmonious with contemporary Japanese childcare thought. The universality of Froebel's writings can be confirmed in such points as well. It can be said that intellectual education, virtue education, and beauty education, which Froebel refers to as “spiritual childcare,” are difficult issues to promote research on, even though their importance has been indicated in the current research on childcare. Thirdly, it should be noted that there are few points in common between Froebel's expectations for children’s play and the current Japanese childcare. We could say that Froebel was thinking about what children can learn through play from a different standpoint than us. It will be necessary to delve deeply into this point as an important research subject for future research in childcare science. Generally, “Kindergarten Education Guidelines” rarely describes link with spirit in sentences about body in“Kindergarten Education Guidelines”. Frobel considers and focuses on relevance and circulation between body and spirit, which leaves a vivid impression. “Human Education” is more specific for specific sentences and more conceptual for conceptual sentences than public notices concerning childcare education. Accordingly, it strongly leaves impression that it writes a lot about where the relationship with education or children will reach as human. Frobel writes about relevance and circulation between body and spirit more deeply and selectively. It is true he writes about inner and outer sides and intention and extension with strong comparison.

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