Hirosaki Medical Journal
Online ISSN : 2434-4656
Print ISSN : 0439-1721
Original Article
Constituent proteoglycans of the human yellow ligament extracellular matrix
Hozumi NaritaYusuke TakedaSeiko HarataKeiichi TakagakiMasahiko Endo
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JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

2006 Volume 57 Issue 2-4 Pages 49-58

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Abstract

    Three types of proteoglycans (PG-I, II and III) present in the human yellow ligament extracellular matrix were separated using a combination of CsCl isopycnic density gradient centrifugation, DEAE-Sephacel ion-exchange chromatography, gel-filtration on Sepharose CL-4B and CL-2B, and Octyl-Sepharose CL-4B chromatography. Proteoglycan-I was a high-molecular-weight proteoglycan, which was excluded by Sepharose CL-4B, and its molecular weight, estimated using sodium dedecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, was over 350,000. The glycosaminoglycan chain of PG-I was composed of chondroitin 6-sulfate, and PG-I appeared to be an aggrecan-type proteoglycan. Proteoglycan-II and III were low-molecular-weight proteoglycans with molecular weights of 190,000 and 105,000, respectively. The core protein sizes of PG-II and III were similar, 44,000, but anti-human decorin antibody reacted with PG-III, not with PG-II. The glycosaminoglycan chain of PG-II contained dermatan sulfate and chondroitin 6-sulfate, whereas that of PG-III contained the former only. In the light of these results, PG-II and III were suggested to be biglycan- and decorin-type proteoglycans, respectively. The major proteoglycan in the human yellow ligament extracellular matrix was PG-III.

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© 2006 Hirosaki Medical Journal Editorial Board
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