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Hypertension Research
Vol. 27 (2004) No. 7 July P 479-484



Clinical studies

To examine the relationship between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and blood pressure levels among Japanese men, we conducted a population-based cross-sectional study of 1,424 men aged 40-69 years in rural and urban communities. The 3% oxygen desaturation index (ODI) was selected as the indicator of SDB, representing the number of desaturation events per hour of recording time in which blood oxygen fell by ≥3% according to overnight pulse oximetry. To estimate the associations of 3% ODI levels with blood pressure levels and hypertension, multiple linear regression and logistic regression analyses were performed. The 3% ODI level was positively associated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels (SBP/DBP); a 5 event per hour increment of the 3% ODI level was associated with 0.8 mmHg (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.0-1.6) greater SBP and 0.7 mmHg (95% CI, 0.3-1.1) greater DBP after adjustment for age, body mass index, ethanol intake, smoking category and community. The multivariate odds ratio of hypertension for the low vs. high category of 3% ODI level was 1.63 (95% CI, 1.1-2.5). These associations were more evident among overweight than non-overweight individuals. The significant association of nocturnal oxygen desaturation with high blood pressure levels suggests that SDB plays a role in the development of hypertension among Japanese men. (Hypertens Res 2004; 27: 479-484)

Copyright © 2004 by the Japanese Society of Hypertension

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