Shōsō (1366–1440) was the Eighth Patriarch of the Jōdo-shū, founder of the Zōjōji, an advocate of the idealist position that rather than being externally existent, Amida Buddha exists only within one’s mind. Consequently, he considers rebirth in the Pure Land to be equivalent to the practitioner gaining an understanding that all things are ultimately unproduced. Thus, in his Taima Mandara-sho, the Western Pure Land is originally signless, but temporally possesses physical features. Shōsō nevertheless esteems this Western Pure Land, since ordinary beings aspire to attain rebirth there. Therefore, one must necessarily pay it attention.