電気学会論文誌A(基礎・材料・共通部門誌)
Online ISSN : 1347-5533
Print ISSN : 0385-4205
特集論文
ELF帯環境電磁界観測信号の背景信号推定における準L1ノルムに基づく非負値行列因子分解アルゴリズムの有用性
毛利 元昭内匠 逸安川 博Andrzej Cichocki
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136 巻 (2016) 5 号 p. 241-251

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Our research group has been measuring Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) magnetic fields across Japan. The ELF measurements are mixtures of signals associated with various natural or artificial phenomena. When focus on specific factor, the signals related to other factors distort analysis result. In order to get specific information accurately, we should estimate desired signals or eliminate undesired signals. We found that Image Space Reconstruction Algorithm (ISRA), one of the Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF) algorithm, works better than independent component analysis to estimate the ELF background signal. However, ISRA sometimes failed to estimate the weight vector for the background signal. We considered that ISRA has weakness for outliers and sparse signals because ISRA is based on minimizing L2 (Frobenius) norm between input matrix and projected matrix from estimated matrices. In order to improve robustness, we developed new methods based on minimizing quasi-L1 norm (QL1-NMF). In the experiment using generated signals and ELF observed signals which had outliers, the proposed method estimate background signal more accurately than ISRA and other L1 norm based algorithms.

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© 2016 電気学会
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