2010 Volume 51 Issue 3 Pages 147-152
The efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) has improved dramatically due to the development of new devices. Severe calcification of coronary lesions may be encountered even when the guidewire crosses the CTO, preventing the balloon from penetrating the lesion. A new “Tornus” penetration catheter has been developed for CTO recanalization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the Tornus catheter compared with traditional rotational atherectomy for CTO lesions.
From August 2002 to July 2009, 77 patients with CTO of the coronary artery were selected to undergo PCI. Forty-one patients were treated with rotational atherectomy before the availability of the Tornus catheter when the smallest balloon failed to pass the CTO lesion. Later, 36 patients were treated with a Tornus catheter. Device and angiographic success rates as well as procedural complications were assessed. Device success was defined when the Tornus or Rota burr passed through the lesion. Major complications included death, Q-myocardial infarction, or emergency bypass surgery. Minor complications included perforation, cardiac tamponade, no reflow phenomenon, or long spiral dissection.
The mean procedural time was significantly longer in the Tornus group (144 minutes versus 115 minutes, P = 0.01), while the device success rate was significantly lower (77% versus 95%, P = 0.024). Rotational atherectomy was subsequently performed in 3 of 8 Tornus failure cases. There were no between group differences in major complication rate (6% Tornus versus 5% rotational atherectomy). There was an insignificant trend for lower minor complication rates in the Tornus group (17% versus 20%).
Use of the Tornus catheter was associated with significantly longer procedural duration and lower device success rates compared to rotational atherectomy. Major and minor complications were not different between the groups. Our findings suggest that Tornus catheter penetration is not superior to conventional rotational atherectomy for CTO recanalization.