Calcium channel blockers (CCB) and statins are frequently prescribed for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) complicated by hypertension and/or hypercholesterolemia. CCB have pleiotropic actions beyond their blood pressure-lowering effect, while statins have pleiotropic actions beyond their cholesterol-lowering effect. We assessed the hypothesis that combined treatment with CCB and statins has additional prognostic benefits resulting from potential additive or synergistic pleiotropic actions of both classes of drugs in the Japanese CAD (JCAD) study population. The JCAD study consisted of 13,812 patients with angiographically demonstrable significant coronary narrowing in at least 1 of 3 major coronary arteries who were followed-up for a mean of 2.7 years (follow-up rate, 88.4%). The primary endpoint of the present study was all cardiovascular events. We compared the event rate between patients receiving neither CCB nor statins and those receiving each drug alone or as a combination treatment using propensity score matching analysis. The rate of all events was 62.8 per 1,000 patient-years in the JCAD study. Kaplan-Meier analysis with the log-rank test showed no statistically significant difference in the event rate in each comparison. In conclusion, there may be no additional prognostic benefit beyond the blood-pressure-lowering and cholesterol-lowering effects in the combined treatment with CCB and statins for angiographically documented CAD patients.
2010 by the International Heart Journal Association