Volume 53 (2012) Issue 3 Pages 199-201
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection remains a major problem in recipients with heart transplantation (HTx), because it may play a significant role in the development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy, which is one of the major causes of death after HTx. Valganciclovir (VGC) is effective for the treatment of CMV infection, but is often associated with neutropenia, especially when used with mycophenolate mophetil (MMF). We experienced an HTx recipient with positive CMV antigenemia who suffered progressive neutropenia after administration of VGC. We switched MMF to everolimus (EVL) and assay for CMV antigenemia was constantly negative even after discontinuation of VGC. In all other 14 HTx recipients who received EVL for any reason, we found that assay for CMV antigenemia remained negative throughout the period of EVL administration. Considering the prophylactic effect on CMV, EVL can not only be an alternative to rescue from comorbidity, but might also be indicated earlier especially in CMV-seronegative HTx recipients.