International Heart Journal
Online ISSN : 1349-3299
Print ISSN : 1349-2365
Clinical Studies
High Incidence of Periodontitis in Japanese Patients With Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Jun-ichi SuzukiNorio AoyamaMieko AokiYuko TadaKouji WakayamaHiroshi AkazawaKunihiro ShigematsuKatsuyuki HoshinaYuichi IzumiIssei KomuroTetsuro MiyataYasunobu HirataMitsuaki Isobe
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2014 Volume 55 Issue 3 Pages 268-270

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Abstract

Periodontitis is known to be a risk factor for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). However, the influence of periodontitis on AAA in Japanese patients has not yet been elucidated. The aim of this clinical investigation was to assess the relationship between periodontal bacterial burden in AAA patients.
We studied 12 AAA patients and 24 age- and sex-matched non-AAA cardiovascular patients. We examined periodontitis and the presence of the periodontal pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, and Prevotella intermedia in oral samples using polymerase chain reaction assays.
We found that the AAA patients had deeper pocket depth compared to the non-AAA patients (3.53 ± 0.38 mm versus 2.67 ± 0.17 mm, P < 0.05). However, the populations of periodontal bacteria were comparable between the two groups. Periodontitis may have a greater effect on aneurysm progression compared to other cardiovascular diseases.

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© 2014 by the International Heart Journal Association
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