International Heart Journal
Online ISSN : 1349-3299
Print ISSN : 1349-2365
ISSN-L : 1349-2365
Experimental Studies
Prompt Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy Enables Early Porcine Heart Function Recovery from Acute Myocardial Infarction
Evaluation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Molecular-Cellular Signaling
Chang-Qing FanSteve LeuJiunn-Jye SheuYen-Yi ZhenTzu-Hsien TsaiYung-Lung ChenSheng-Ying ChungHan-Tan ChaiCheuk-Kwan SunJenq-Lin YangHsueh-Wen ChangSheung-Fat KoHon-Kan Yip
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Supplementary material

2014 Volume 55 Issue 4 Pages 362-371

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Abstract

Impact of early bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMDMSC) implantation on left ventricular (LV) function after AMI was studied.
Twelve mini-pigs were equally divided into placebo (AMI through left coronary artery ligation) and cell-treated groups [BMDMSCs (3.0 × 107) implanted into infarct area (IA)] with myocardium harvested by post-AMI day 90. Six healthy animals served as controls.
On post-AMI day 90, magnetic resonance imaging showed a lower LV ejection fraction but higher LV dimensions in the placebo group (P < 0.003) that also had increased IAs but reduced wall thickness (P < 0.005). Pro-apoptotic gene expressions (Bax, caspase-3) and apoptotic nucleus number in IAs and peri-IAs were highest in the placebo group (P < 0.001). Inflammatory biomarker expressions (MMP-9, oxidized protein, CD40+ cells) were highest, whereas those of angiogenesis (VEGF, CD31+ cells, SDF-1α, CXCR4) and myocardium-preservation (connexin43, troponin-I, cytochrome-C) were lowest in the placebo group (P < 0.01).
BMDMSC implantation preserved LV function and alleviated remodeling at post-AMI day 90.

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© 2014 by the International Heart Journal Association
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