2019 Volume 60 Issue 1 Pages 220-225
A 70-year-old man with dyspnea was admitted to our department and received standard therapy for recurrent heart failure. He was diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) in his thirties and received hemodialysis for 4 years before undergoing renal transplantation at age 45. Although his left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was preserved in his 50s, LVEF decreased progressively from 61% to 24%, while left ventricular diastolic dimension (LVDd) increased from 54 mm to 65 mm between 63 and 69 years of age. Right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy demonstrated myocardial disarray and interstitial fibrosis. Genetic analysis identified a heterozygous frameshift mutation in PKD1, which encodes polycystin-1, a major causative gene of PKD. We detected PKD1 protein expression in myocardial tissue by immunostaining. Recent epidemiological studies and animal models have clarified the pathological correlation between ventricular contractile dysfunction and PKD1 function. Here, we present a case of old-age onset progressive cardiac contractile dysfunction with a PKD1 gene mutation.