2019 Volume 60 Issue 3 Pages 701-707
Fractalkine has been reported to play an important role in the pathophysiology of various cardiovascular disorders. This research aims to study the change of soluble fractalkine (sFKN) in plasma level of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and evaluate its prognostic value.
A total of 96 patients with CHF and 45 healthy subjects were included in this study. The plasma levels of sFKN, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and Interleukin-18 (IL-18) were determined by ELISA kits when they were first admitted to the hospital. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was measured by echocardiogram. Rehospitalization status within 1 year after the first hospitalization was also recorded.
The plasma levels of sFKN, BNP, and IL-18 in patients with CHF were significantly higher than in the control group (P < 0.05). The concentrations of sFKN and BNP were increased with the severity of heart failure classified by NYHA classification (P < 0.05). There were no statistical differences among all CHF subgroups classified by etiology (P > 0.05). Plasma sFKN level in CHF group was positively correlated with BNP (r = 0.441, P < 0.001) and IL-18 (r = 0.592, P < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that area under the curve values of FKN, BNP, and IL-18 were 0.885 (95%CI: 0.810 to 0.960, P < 0.001), 0.889 (95%CI: 0.842 to 0.956, P < 0.001), and 0.878 (95%CI: 0.801-0.954, P < 0.001), respectively. The concentrations of sFKN and BNP were increased in patients readmitted more than once within 1 year (P < 0.05).