International Heart Journal
Online ISSN : 1349-3299
Print ISSN : 1349-2365
ISSN-L : 1349-2365
Experimental Studies
Therapy-Resistant Ventricular Arrhythmias Developed More Often in Advanced Than in Therapeutic Mild Hypothermic Condition
Osamu SaitohJunya WatanabeAyaka OikawaAyari SugaiHiroshi FurushimaMasaomi Chinushi
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2019 Volume 60 Issue 5 Pages 1161-1167

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Abstract

Therapy-resistant ventricular arrhythmias can occur during accidental advanced hypothermic conditions. On the other hand, hypothermic therapy using mild cooling has been successfully accomplished with infrequent ventricular arrhythmia events.

To further clarify the therapeutic-resistant arrhythmogenic substrate which develops in hypothermic conditions, an experimental study was performed using a perfusion wedge preparation model of porcine ventricle, and electrophysiological characteristics, inducibility of ventricular arrhythmias, and effects of therapeutic interventions were assessed at 3 target temperatures (37, 32 and 28°C).

As the myocardial temperature decreased, myocardial contractions and the number of spontaneous beats deceased. Depolarization (QRS width, stimulus-QRS interval) and repolarization (QT interval, ERP) parameters progressively increased, and dispersion of the ventricular repolarization increased. At 28°C, VF tended to be inducible more frequently (1/11 at 37°C, 1/11 at 32°C, and 5/11 hearts at 28°C), and some VFs at 28°C required greater defibrillation energy to resume basic rhythm.

An advanced but not a mild hypothermic condition had an enhanced arrhythmogenic potential in our model. In the advanced hypothermic condition, VF with relatively prolonged F-F intervals and a greater defibrillation energy were occasionally inducible based on the arrhythmogenic substrate characterized as slowed conduction and prolonged repolarization of the ventricle.

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© 2019 by the International Heart Journal Association
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