Industrial Health
Online ISSN : 1880-8026
Print ISSN : 0019-8366
ISSN-L : 0019-8366
Original Article
Workplace Bullying, Working Environment and Health
Gabriel OXENSTIERNAStig ELOFSSONMaria GJERDELinda MAGNUSSON HANSONTöres THEORELL
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JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

2012 Volume 50 Issue 3 Pages 180-188

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Abstract

Improved work organisation could be of importance for decreased bullying in workplaces. Participants in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) responded to questions about work and workplace and whether they had been bullied during the past year in 2006. Those in worksites with at least five employees who did not report that they had been bullied in 2006 and without workplace change between 2006 and 2008 constituted the final sample (n=1,021 men and 1,182 women). Work characteristics and workplace factors in 2006 were used in multiple logistic regression as predictors of bullying in 2008. Separate analyses were performed for work characteristics and workplace factors respectively. Adjustments for demographic factors were made in all analyses. The question used for bullying was: “Are you exposed to personal persecution by means of vicious words or actions from your superiors or your workmates?” Such persecution any time during the past year was defined as bullying. For both genders organisational change and conflicting demands were identified as risk factors, and good decision authority as a protective factor. Dictatorial leadership, lack of procedural justice and attitude of expendability were male and lack of humanity a female risk factor for bullying.

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© 2012 by National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
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