1999 Volume 37 Issue 2 Pages 199-211
There is growing concern that rapidly changing patterns of work organization and employment pose risk for occupational illness and injury. In the present article, we assert that these changes create new needs and opportunities for research and practice by psychologists in the area of work organization and health. We begin with an historical overview of the contribution of psychologists to the occupational safety and health field, and to the study of work organization and health. We then describe new initiatives by the American Psychological Association and national health organizations in the United States and Europe to frame a new field of study-called “occupational health psychology”-that focuses on the topic of work organization and health. We conclude with a discussion of emerging research needs and trends within this field.