2004 Volume 43 Issue 1 Pages 49-54
Objective To address the presence of post-Q fever fatigue syndrome (post-QFS) in Japan, and to evaluate the efficacy of minocycline for this condition.
Patients and Methods In 20 Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii) seropositive patients with persistent nonspecific symptoms including general fatigue, low-grade fever, myalgia and arthralgia, changes in subjective symptoms, C. burnetii antibody titers and C. burnetii DNA were evaluated after antibiotic treatment.
Results After treatment mainly with minocycline (100 mg/day for 3 months), the clinical picture improved in all 20 patients as evidenced by decreases in body temperature (13/17), general fatigue (20/20) and headache (9/12). The mean performance status (PS) score improved from 5.0 to 1.8 (p<0.01). All 7 who had been positive for C. burnetii DNA, became negative together with an improvement in subjective symptoms. Indirect immunofluorescence tests demonstrated 6 of the 20 patients to be positive for C. burnetii IgM antibody to phase II antigen (1:32), and 18 to be positive for IgG antibody (1:128, 1:256). Antibody titers of both IgM (6/6, 1:16) and IgG (18/18, 1:16) decreased markedly after treatment.
Conclusion These results of an open label study in Japan suggest that minocycline administration is useful for improving chronic nonspecific symptoms considered to be post-Q fever fatigue syndrome caused by C. burnetii infection.