Adenovirus is one of the major causes of non-relapse morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for hematological malignancy. Fulminant hepatic failure is a rare manifestation of post-transplant complication with adenovirus. Extremely high mortality and aggressiveness of the clinical course have been posing clinical challenges for the diagnosis as well as for the treatment. Here, we report a case with disseminated adenovirus disease presenting with fulminant hepatic failure after bone marrow transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
2006 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine