A 47-year-old woman with a severe cough and high-grade fever demonstrated proteinuria of 3.2 g/day. Chest radiograph and CT scan revealed scattered small nodules and ground-glass opacities with interlobular septal thickening in both lungs. The serum levels of surfactant A, surfactant D, and KL-6 were increased to 190 ng/ml (normal: 0-43.8), 360 ng/ml (normal:0-110), and 4850 U/ml (normal: 0-500), respectively. Video-assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy revealed eosinophilic amorphous material within alveoli and thickened alveolar septa, which is compatible with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Kidney biopsy exhibited membranous nephropathy (Stage I-II) accompanied by granular IgG deposition along the glomerular basement membrane. Although the patient refused treatment with granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, her proteinuria and the pulmonary lesion gradually diminished and disappeared after one year.
2007 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine