Reversible posterior encephalopathy syndrome (RPES) is a clinical entity characterized with headache, nausea, vomiting, seizures, consciousness disturbance, and frequently visual disorders associated with neuroradiological findings, predominantly white matter abnormalities of the parieto-occipital lobes. The central nervous system manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are highly diverse. However, SLE-associated RPES has been seldom reported. Here, we report a case with RPES in SLE and lupus nephritis with exclusive involvement of parietal and occipital cortices. A systematic review of the literature on the pathogenesis and treatment of SLE-associated RPES is included.
2008 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine