2009 Volume 48 Issue 14 Pages 1225-1229
Aspergillosis of the central nervous system (CNS) is an uncommon infection, mainly occurring in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of nasocerebral aspergillosis in an immunocompetent patient successfully treated with voriconazole and a corticosteroid. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed contrast enhancement surrounding the brainstem and cerebellum with intramedullary pontine and cerebellar T2-hyperintense lesions. The patient's symptoms and MRI abnormalities improved after voriconazole and corticosteroid treatment; however, discontinuation of the corticosteroid caused a worsening of the T2-hyperintense lesions, whereas resuming it resulted in its improvement. This suggested that these T2-hyperintense lesions may be due to secondary inflammation caused by aspergillosis and not the aspergillosis itself. We conclude that treatment with a combination of voriconazole and a corticosteroid appears to be effective for the treatment of some patients with CNS aspergillosis.