Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
CASE REPORTS
Encephalomyelitis Mimicking Multiple Sclerosis Associated with Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease after Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation
Yayoi MatsuoKenjiro KamezakiShoichiro TakeishiKatsuto TakenakaTetsuya EtoAtsushi NonamiToshihiro MiyamotoHiromi IwasakiNaoki HaradaKoji NagafujiTakanori TeshimaKoichi Akashi
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

2009 Volume 48 Issue 16 Pages 1453-1456

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Abstract

We describe a case of encephalomyelitis mimicking multiple sclerosis associated with chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) occurring after allogeneic bone marrow transplanation (BMT) for myelodysplastic syndrome. Immunosuppressive therapy, consisting of a therapeutic dose of cyclosporine A and a maintenance dose of methylprednisolone, was effective in treating symptoms. Although central nervous system GVHD is very rare and remains controversial, presentation of neurological symptoms after allogeneic BMT warrants consideration of GVHD in the differential diagnosis.

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© 2009 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
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