Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV (EDS type IV), vascular type, an autosomal dominant disorder caused by a mutation of the type III procollagen gene (COL3A1) is the most severe form of EDS and often presents with aortic hemorrhage or organ perforation. This report discusses a male patient with EDS type IV with dyspnea due to hemopneumothorax. He had thin skin and hypermobile joints and was clinically confirmed as having EDS type IV. The diagnosis was genetically confirmed by a mutation c.2528 G>A (p.Gly843Glu) in the COL3A1 gene. The position of the mutation has never been reported.
2010 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine