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Internal Medicine
Vol. 49 (2010) No. 22 P 2509-2513

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http://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.49.3227

CASE REPORTS

We report herein the case of a 37-year-old man who developed probable progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) following an umbilical cord blood transplant. The patient showed favorable clinical, neuroradiological and virological responses after treatment with mefloquine, an anti-malarial drug. Mefloquine may offer some benefits as a treatment for PML in patients with or without human immunodeficiency virus type-1 infection. This report highlights the need to gather sufficient data to confirm the efficacy of mefloquine against this devastating viral disease of the central nervous system.

Copyright © 2010 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine

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